How to Turn City Lift Wastes and Vegetable Wastes into Fertilizers ?
Turning City Life Waste into Valuable Organic Fertilizer
With the continuous increasing of the population all over the world, the garbage produced from our daily life have also greatly increased. Then there rises a serious problem, how to reasonably solve so large amount of life wastes? Currently, the main treatments of the city life waste are landfilling and burning method. However, this may bring about serious environmental pollution also is harmful to human health. So it’s necessary to seek for a better solution to meet eco-friendly requirements.
Nowadays, a popular and novel organic fertilizer equipment—-Tracked Type Fermentation Machine has helped us to solve the problem. It can make those dirty city wastes into valuable organic fertilizer. Here we will illustrate this advanced compos turner in details to help you have a better understanding of organic fertilizer production and fertilizer machines.
Brief Introduction of Compost Windrow Turner for Fertilizer
Our cow dung compost fertilizer turner machine is used to turn and mix the compost and accelerate the composting speed. It has the loose and broken effect of the compost when the bacterial species reach a certain temperature and humidity. Compared to other equipments, our fertilizer windrow compost turner for sale has many unique advantages, such as:
* Reasonable design with variable drum speed.
* Reliable watering and inoculation system, also can add bacteria spraying facility.
* Qualified equipment results in even turning effect.
* Stable performance, high efficiency and little maintenance.
How to Turn City Life Waste into Organic Fertilizer
The main process of organic fertilizer making is , that is adding bacterial species in the raw materials and stirring with the organic fertilizer compost turning machine. Generally 7 to 10 days is OK, which plays sterilization and deodorant effect as well as produce beneficial bacteria. The standard of moisture content is 40%-50%. However, there are some tips you should pay more attention to, including:
* Choose a proper space which has adequate room, convenient operation and good drainage system for the organic fertilizer processing.
* Collect raw materials, here refers to various city life wastes. And lay them in a long pile.
* Turn the pile regularly everyday by the compost turning machine to meet the the growing demands of the bacterial species.
* After complete fermentation, the finished product organic fertilizer is formed and can be sold directly.
Meanwhile, if you want to sell it to distant place, further processing is also available with our Flat Die Granulating Machine and Disc Fertilizer Granulating Machine, they can make high quality organic fertilizer with even size and nice appearance, also convenient for transportation.
How to Make Organic Fertilizer from Vegetable Waste
Large Market to Turn Vegetable Waste into Organic Fertilizer
Vegetable waste is mainly produced by vegetable market, then the farm and family. According to statistics, a city in Kenya generates 500 tonnes of garbage every day, of which 50 tonnes are vegetable waste generated from vegetable market and family. With the popularity of vegetable waste organic fertilizer, heap of vegetables dumped at wholesale markets will no longer be the food for stray animals in the city. Now, the vegetable waste will be processed and converted into organic fertilizer for farmers with the development of organic farming. Around 200 tonnes vegetable waste mixed with cow manure and straw can produce 60 tonnes organic fertilizer in our organic fertilizer plant line. This is one important way to come true the idea to recycle wastes unto useful sources.
How to Produce Organic Fertilizer from Vegetable Waste?
● Collection of vegetable waste for composting
Vegetable waste mainly include: onion, cauliflower, carrots, cauliflower,sweet corn, cabbage, lettuce, broccoli, beetroot, etc. For each of the vegetable crops, percentages of waste were estimated. In the case of cauliflower, approximately 70% of the crop may be marketed as premium, the 30% being wasted. Overall, 25% of vegetable production was estimated to go to waste.
Experiments were carried out to evaluate the possibility of recovering and recycling vegetable waste originally collected from vegetable market. These vegetable wastes were biologically stabilized through commercial fertilizer compost turner for sale in an pile in order to obtain humified organic matter (green compost) to be used as agricultural soil conditioner. Vegetable waste provides good amount of nutrients for microorganism during composting. The vegetable waste containing lettuce and onion waste has high amounts of sulphur 0.2% and 0.7% respectively; their moisture content is of 96.2% and 91.1% respectively. High C:N ratio and high water content are suitable for fermentation by microorganism.
The suitable temperature for fermentation is 25°C to 37°C and optimum pH is around 4.0 to 5.5. Self-propelled compost turner always plays a important role in the fermentation process. With the help of bio fertilizer compost turner machine, the whole vegetable waste fermentation period is about 15-20 days. Compost is a partially stabilized product of microbial decomposition of organic materials. The microorganisms and the nutrients present in the raw materials are very helpful in improving soil health. Vegetable waste compost can increase water and nutrient holding capacity of sandy soils; increase aeration and internal drainage of clay soils; add nutrients; increase soil microorganisms; and suppress some plant diseases.
● Crushing & Mixing Vegetable Waste
After a period of composting, vegetable waste also has high moisture, need to be crushed by fertilizer crushing machine. Our fertilizer chain crusher is suitable for high moisture raw materials, of which the moisture content can reach 20%-55%. The moisture of vegetable waste compost is greatly reduced while crushing, and the crushing degree can meet the requirement of granulation.
After crushing, the crushed vegetable waste is send to the horizontal fertilizer mixer. Under the fertilizer mixer’s help, the vegetable waste can be mixed evenly, and high mixing homogeneity is greatly improved, convenient for granulation.
Granular organic fertilizer is the most frequently-used around the world. It is more convenient than powdery organic fertilizer, and easily absorbed by the soil. Put the crushed vegetable waste compost into our new type organic fertilizer granulator, then the raw material is processed into uniform particles with the high speed rotating force. Our new type granulation machine breaks the conventional organic granulation technology that can process raw materials into uniform spheroidal particles without drying process. The qualified rate of particles is up to 95%, and granular organic fertilizer can be screened directly.
● Screening & Packing
After granulation, the production of vegetable waste organic fertilizer is mainly completed. However, some particles are large that can’t meet the quality requirements, have to be separated by rotary drum screening machine. The screening process is mainly to separate the qualified and unqualified organic fertilizer. Large particles will be selected for the next round of granulation. The qualified organic fertilizer is sent to be packed by automatic packing machine.
What is the Benefits of Producing Organic Fertilizer from Vegetable Waste?
◆ The application of vegetable waste organic fertilizer effectively solves the handling problem of vegetable waste, achieving sustainable use of resources and reducing the environmental pollution.
◆ It is very low cost process to convert vegetable wastes into organic fertilizer. The production completed by organic fertilizer production line is high efficiency, energy-saving and environmentally-friendly.
◆ Turning trash into treasure, enhancing the use value of vegetable waste. A ton of vegetable waste is processed into organic manure that can add value of one hundred dollars.
◆ Effective decrease of the usage of chemical fertilizer and pesticides. Organic fertilizer produced from vegetable waste contains large amount of organic matters, beneficial microorganism and trace elements and greatly improve the soil structure.
◆ The vegetable waste organic fertilizer don’t pollute the environment, reaching the ecological concept of environmental protection and bringing new vitality for the vast variety of vegetable plant
From the above analysis, we can come to see that it’s not that difficult to turn our city wastes and vegetable wastes into valuable organic fertilizer, only a compost turning machine is enough to complete and one organic fertilizer plant line will help you complete the working for commercial using. So if you’re interested in this industry, please feel free to contact with us Henan Gate Heavy Industry. We are willing to offer best equipment and professional guidance.